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Combat Theory
For the sake of passing on the Roger Smart’s Studio of Martial Arts traditional teachings, this site reflects on 5 guiding combat theories. In reading these theories, it is important to understand that martial arts is dangerous and C.A.R.E. Pty Ltd, trading as Roger Smart's Studio of Martial Arts warns against, and accepts no liability, whether direct or indirect, for any loss, injury or damage a person suffers or inflicts because that person had directly or indirectly applied these stated or implied combat theories.
  1. Be First.
    Being first, does not necessarily mean being the first to attack. It is more concerned with actually landing an attack before the attacker lands their attack. So if an attacker throws a punch we know there is an opening, being first means that we move to deflect and strike simultaneously before their attack lands.

  2. Be Fast.
    Our mind set is to be faster than our attacker. Not overly fast, just a fraction faster than our attacker so as not to expend unnecessary energy. We move according to our attacker's speed and direction and nullify both.

  3. Be Sharp.
    If we are forced to fight then our situation becomes a question of survival. We would rather face the consequences of causing injury to an attacker than face the consequences of being hurt by our attacker as a right to defend ourselves and the weak. Do what you have to do with intent and sharp, sudden, fierce attacks to key body areas so as to totally shock the attacker. The sharpness of the attack will enable further attacks to land successfully as the attacker will be stunned because of the brain shock and disbelief that so much pain can be caused from an unexpected counter attack. The attacker is expecting to hit you, and it is incredulous to them that a counter attack can actually land on them before their attack lands.

  4. Be Effective.
    Do not waste time on fancy moves. Keep it simple, keep it direct, keep it effective and the end result is smoothness. This is the best way for combat.

  5. Be like glue (stick).
    It is necessary to bridge the gap between yourself and your attacker. Bridging the gap allows you to be within a range close enough to use your weapons against them. Once in position it is important to stick to your opponent to stay in range and be in your comfort attack zone. Your comfortable range is likely to be very uncomfortable for your opponent. The hard part is closing the gap, so move to stick like glue to your opponent, following and harassing them until the conclusion of combat.

    This principle follows the idea that "you're in the place I want be, if you're there when I get there, that's a hit". As you progress the attack, you are continuously following your opponent and moving through them with your attacks. By moving forward with intent and attacking to gain the place your opponent is in, you are adding forward power to your attack. Attacking the key body areas of your opponent, they become split, drilled, crushed, hammered and trapped into submission.


Avoid fighting in all circumstances. If there exists any real risk of injury to you or the weak and righteous from an attack, then act fast, efficiently and effectively to remove the risk immediately.

During the attack, we are fierce out of necessity for survival, but once that necessity falls away, so should our fierceness. The degree of fierceness is determined by assessing the levels of danger to your person and the consequences of your responses. Unfortunately it is a sad fact that if you are not fierce in protecting your boundaries, they will be transgressed.

Recognising when the need for fierceness is over is also important. Start with the proposition that once they're down and likely to stay there, no further force is required. If you cause damage to your opponent when you could have safely left the area, then it is possible you will face legal consequences.